Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom | Future Educators (2023)

Student learning is an area with enormous potential to benefit from information technology. Information dissemination is, after all, a core strength of today’s technologies. And digital technology offers versatile platforms to streamline classroom teaching.

While technology unlocks innovation opportunities, blended teaching and learning are not without disadvantages. What are the downsides that come with the powers and benefits of technology?

Debate is still going on concerning potential harm from integrating technology into the classroom. Let’s look at both sides by discussing the advantages and disadvantages of students accessing computers and digital information.

Advantages of Technology in Education

By offering digital tools and learning platforms, technology offers great advantages in school education. Students have more information at their fingertips and build technology skills. Tech can do some tasks equally or better than teachers, including administration, data gathering and supporting self-direct learning. Here are the top five pros to technology in the classroom.

1. Access high-quality, current information

Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom | Future Educators (1)

Modern technology is fantastic when it comes to making information available to everyone. In a classroom setting, getting the most up-to-date data helps ensure the best educational experience. Teachers are also able to use or direct students towards trusted sources to ensure accurate information.

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Students are also able to assimilate information more efficiently with the interactive presentation that digital technology allows. Instead of reading through text sequentially, the teacher or student can navigate information on a topic using hyperlinks, tabs, accordions, etc. References can be checked immediately as well.

Classroom technology definitely beats paper textbooks for accessing relevant information quickly. The trick is to place structure around activities to maintain focus and ensure the class is covering the same material. The need to keep everyone on the same page so to speak is a limiting factor in the use of technology for gaining information.

2. Gather student performance metrics easily

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A clear and powerful advantage of using technology in education is that it allows teachers to perform their job better. The automatic collection of data in digital testing and learning environments has the benefits of: allowing more student performance data to be collected, freeing teachers from repetitive grading exercises, and providing instant feedback to students.

Platforms that yield data analytics can pinpoint the areas where each student is having most difficulty. Performance information allows instructors to quickly adjust teaching strategies and the syllabus according to the data gathered and analyzed.

When a given learning goal can be achieved with technology or traditional methods with about equal effectiveness, the technology-based approach may be preferred just because of the data advantages. Once in this digital environment, the technology and instructional content may be improved over time, leaving traditional instruction techniques further and further behind.

3. Students learn technology skills

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Using technology in the classroom naturally increases opportunities for students to learn technology skills. While it’s possible to take all but the simplest IT skills out of a lesson, keeping some technical challenges in there is healthy for student development. After all, we live in a digital world and have things like virtual offices and working online from home.

Children are fast learners when it comes to most things but especially with technology. Given the chance, they’ll quickly build computer operation skills and digital literacy. Examples of skills they’ll learn include keyboard awareness, logging in and password protection, navigating apps, setting preferences, online document sharing, and using standard software such as text editors and spreadsheet workbooks.

(Video) Pros and Cons of Implementing Technology in the Classroom

Teachers can offer exercises that give pupils the opportunity to test and expand their capabilities. For example, you can give students freedom in how they present project results. The smart ones, who could perhaps become IT professionals in the future, will find and deploy internet resources, such as graphics or charting software, to enhance the presentation.

4. Improved student participation and engagement

Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom | Future Educators (4)

Students generally love technology and introducing it is a way to boost engagement. Mixing up traditional instruction styles with technology makes the class less predictable and the learning environment more dynamic.

Examples of how teachers can inject technology are to: direct students to online resources, present short videos, use interactive software, make digital presentations, and ask students to create digital content themselves.

Online platforms are often flexible in allowing you to exercise your creativity. You can, for instance, customize quizzes to make them more engaging and competitive. Any good resources you find online might be useful additions to the lesson. The possibilities are limitless.

You can also apply technology to get more information from reserved students. If you need to ask the opinion of everyone regarding a topic or even a simple question, why not use an online polling platform? This way, even quiet students who normally wouldn’t want to speak in the classroom will participate.

5. Automate repetitive tasks

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Teaching can include tedious tasks such as keeping track of attendance, recording quiz scores and noting tasks completed. With the present technology available, such tasks can now be partially or fully automated. This can unlock time teachers are able to divert to substantive teaching endeavors.

Existing technology can be used to help teachers in several areas: planning lessons, assessing students, grading homework, giving feedback and administrative paperwork.

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Jill Barshay

Implementing technology is not a costless exercise however and the effectiveness depends on how well software is programmed and made easy to use. But, over time, we can expect the work of teachers to become more streamlined. Instructors will have fewer administrative tasks and more time to capitalize on human strengths, such as making connections, inspiring students and creating a sense of shared purpose.

Disadvantages to Technology in the Classroom

The recency of many innovations means we’re still grappling with how best to incorporate technology in schools. Educators may lack the time and knowledge to implement tech effectively. Using technology without sufficient care can produce poorer learning outcomes and cause students to miss out on social interaction. These are key cons of technology in the classroom and online education.

1. Faster but less memorable learning

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While the lightning pace with which technology operates may seem like a clear benefit, experienced educators are actually wary of this aspect. Devices and learning apps are able to function faster than the corresponding learning speed of the human mind. Students may gloss over material, missing texture and depth along the way.

Proper and coherent cognitive thought takes time. Otherwise, engagement can be drastically reduced. It’s for this reason experts are suggesting we modify media use, such as how videos are presented, to slow down and allow for more rumination and contemplation.

The simple act of writing something by hand has slowing, stimulatory effects that brain research has shown to aid both learning and memorization. Although efficient, typing is repetitive as each keystroke is almost the same action. Writing by hand is more challenging, intricate and slower, allowing your brain to form more “hooks” to imprint thoughts.

2. Technology can be distracting

Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom | Future Educators (7)

Devices such as laptops and tablets in the classroom are bound to become sources of distraction to students. This is especially true if the software doesn’t prevent access to apps unrelated to lessons, quizzes and other educational activities.

A need exists for appropriate restrictive measures on gadgets in education to ensure they further learning goals and aren’t used, for example, to play games or use social media for pure entertainment. You can be sure that some badly behaved students will always try to use technology for fun instead of the intended purpose.

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A problem here is that high school students may be more tech savvy than their teachers. One technique students use to access out-of-bounds sites is to go to a proxy site that delivers content from other sites without the student technically visiting those sites. Another method to bypass a school firewall is to use a virtual private network (VPN) to encrypt browsing data so the student’s internet activities can’t be monitored.

3. Less direct social interaction

Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom | Future Educators (8)

The apparent way in which technology excises social interaction is another cause for concern. Students have less need to verbally communicate and interact with their teachers and one another when using technology. Online teaching and learning excludes face-to-face interaction altogether.

To address this, classroom teachers should ensure activities such as oral presentations, recitations and group work happen regularly. There needs to be a mindfulness that we’re trying to prepare well-rounded people for adulthood.

For students addicted to gaming or social media, school might actually be a place where they get some downtime from tech. It’s up to teachers to identify when students are spending too much time with their heads buried in devices. When technology isn’t being used, students should be encouraged or pressed to show some life and interact.

4. Integrating tech is often time consuming

Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom | Future Educators (9)

While technology could make the job of a teacher very easy in the future, we are not there yet. Devising effective lessons using digital technology rather than traditional methods can be challenging and time consuming. That’s why it’s important for educators to share their insights on how to effectively teach kids when there is technology in the classroom.

Showing up to your class and teaching by talking and interacting with students doesn’t require special preparation. But when you make extensive use of technology during the lesson, you’re normally going to have to prepare for that. Teachers taking advantage of technology have the same amount of face-to-face instruction time but may need to do more planning, placing an extra strain on their workload.

Online learning when classes are held remotely have shown the limitations of tech. Just trying to corral students, to ensure they’re all logged in and paying attention, is a challenge in itself. The quality of lessons suffers as educators grapple with tech while trying to meet the practical learning needs of students.

(Video) Advantages of Technology in Education

6 Tips on How To Engage With Students


What are the pros of using technology in the classroom? ›

Benefits of Technology in the Classroom
  • Provides A More Engaged Learning Environment. ...
  • Prepares Students for the Future. ...
  • Connects Better with Students. ...
  • Boosts Collaboration. ...
  • Supports Learning. ...
  • Gamified Learning. ...
  • Virtual Field Trips. ...
  • Create Student Websites.
Oct 29, 2021

What are the weak points as a teacher in using technology? ›

Here are ten reasons teachers can struggle to use new technologies in the classroom.
  • Introduced technology is not always preferred. ...
  • Differing device capabilities and instructions. ...
  • It's easy for students to be distracted. ...
  • Technology can affect lesson time and flow. ...
  • Teachers need more professional development.
Aug 13, 2018

What are 4 disadvantages of technology? ›

Disadvantages of new technology include:
  • increased dependency on technology.
  • often large costs involved with using the latest technology (especially for small businesses)
  • increased risk of job cuts.
  • closure of high street stores in favour of online business.
  • security risk in relation to data and fraud.

What are the 10 benefits of information technology in education? ›

Contents show
  • It Can Enhance Interaction and Increase Student Engagement.
  • Mobile Apps Help in Systematic Learning.
  • Mobile Learning Is Accessible Any Time, Any Place.
  • Technology Offers New Learning Techniques.
  • Apps Can Enable Teachers to Decrease Their Paperwork.
  • Classroom Apps Can Benefit Parents.
Apr 12, 2022

What are the 10 advantages of technology? ›

Advantages of Technology:
  • Production expansion: The technology allows for multiple-fold increases in production. ...
  • Time management: ...
  • Technology enhances services: ...
  • Easy and quick communication: ...
  • Reduces online fraud and cybercrime: ...
  • Has increased people's safety: ...
  • Improved storage: ...
  • Technology makes teaching easier:

What is the importance of technology to teachers? ›

Technology can handle tasks that a teacher cannot do – whether through lack of time, or resources – and can add real value to the classroom. It's important, for teachers to understand that a positive, proactive relationship with technology can help them and their learners.

What are 5 negative effects of technology? ›

Eight Negative Impacts of Technology
  • Depression and Other Mental Health Issues. A University of Michigan study found that Facebook use led to a decrease in happiness and overall life satisfaction. ...
  • Lack of Sleep. ...
  • ADHD. ...
  • Obesity. ...
  • Learning Barriers. ...
  • Decreased Communication and Intimacy. ...
  • Cyberbullying. ...
  • Loss of Privacy.
Jul 22, 2019

What is pros vs cons? ›

What is a pros and cons list? Pros and cons list is a simple but powerful decision-making tool used to help understand both sides of an argument. Pros are listed as arguments in favor of making a particular decision or action. Cons are arguments against it.

Why do teachers struggle with technology in the classroom? ›

Lack of adequate ICT support, infrastructure, or time

Appropriate access to technical support (classroom, informally), availability of infrastructure (computer labs, software), policies (whether to administer digital homework) and time allocated to incorporate new technologies are major challenges for teachers.

How do teachers feel about technology in the classroom? ›

A large majority of educators said they felt technology has had a positive impact on their instruction. According to the ECR, 58 percent of teachers said in 2018 that they feel very to extremely confident in their ability to use edtech as an effective teaching tool.

What is the use of technology in education? ›

Technology for Learning and Teaching:

Helps educators create blended learning environments that make learning relevant to students' lives. Gives educators access to real-time feedback through digital formative and summative assessments and data.

What are the 10 pros and cons of technology? ›

Here are the pros and cons of technology
  • Improves efficiency for Business. The best advantage of any technology is that it increases the efficiency of a business process.
  • Saves time. ...
  • Better communication. ...
  • Reduces cybercrime risks.
  • Cons. ...
  • Extreme dependability. ...
  • Expensive. ...
  • Shortage of jobs.
Mar 19, 2019

What are the disadvantages of modern teaching methods? ›

Disadvantages of the modern education system

Lack of social interaction: Online learning courses are self-paced courses. It makes the learners difficult to develop a relationship with their peers. Limited social interaction and no face to face interaction.

What is the most important role of technology in education? ›

Summary: Technology provides students with easy-to-access information, accelerated learning, and fun opportunities to practice what they learn.

How did technology make education better? ›

Broadening skills and knowledge

Acquiring new knowledge and learning new things are vital life skills. The use of educational technology enables learners to use tools and online programs to develop their knowledge and acquire new skills, all of which will be useful for future study, career paths and life.

What are 3 important advantages of technology? ›

Advantages of new technology include: easier, faster and more effective communication. better, more efficient manufacturing techniques. less wastage.

How technology can help teachers? ›

Technology also makes it easier for teachers to collaborate with their students—through communication such as email, or through online activities—and also to collaborate with other teachers.

What are three negative effects of technology? ›

Eight Negative Impacts of Technology
  • Depression and Other Mental Health Issues. A University of Michigan study found that Facebook use led to a decrease in happiness and overall life satisfaction. ...
  • Lack of Sleep. ...
  • ADHD. ...
  • Obesity. ...
  • Learning Barriers. ...
  • Decreased Communication and Intimacy. ...
  • Cyberbullying. ...
  • Loss of Privacy.
Jul 22, 2019

What are the negative effects of technology on students? ›

One negative effect technology has had on education is that students may spend more time on technology than on learning. Additionally, technologies are being used daily in schools, which has increased student screen time and may have adverse effects. Technology can also allow students to cheat.

What are the 10 challenges of technology? ›

Top 10 Challenges Facing Technology in 2023
  • What Are the Current IT Issues? ...
  • Cybersecurity Threats Continue. ...
  • The Skills Gap Widens. ...
  • Data Protection and Privacy. ...
  • Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery. ...
  • Enhanced Agility in IT Environments. ...
  • Selling Solutions and Innovation. ...
  • Supporting Remote Work and Infrastructure.
6 days ago


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